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Attorney General Eric Holder will face a barrage of questions Wednesday on Capitol Hill in the wake of his decision to recuse himself from a Justice Department investigation that has targeted media phone records.

Holder has been in the hot seat before, but Democratic lawmakers have always strongly defended him. This time, however, he and his department have little political cover.

Although he recused himself, Holder stood by his department’s decision to secretly subpoena two months of phone records from Associated Press employees.

The investigation was launched nearly a year ago when Holder appointed two U.S. attorneys to look into a series of national security leaks. Members in both parties said at the time they were the worst leaks in recent history.

Amid calls for his resignation and a push for a select committee to investigate the department, Holder on Tuesday said the rules were strictly followed.